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5 Signs to Detect Rheumatoid Arthritis

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Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease characterized by inflammation of the joints, associated with an autoimmune reaction (cells of the immune system attack the articular cells abnormally). In the long run, this inflammation deforms the joints, which can lead to handicaps. The most commonly affected joints are those of the hands, wrists, knees and feet, but also sometimes those of the elbows, shoulders, neck, jaw, hips, or ankles.

Rheumatoid arthritis evolves in spurts, which means that there are periods when joint symptoms occur, interspersed with periods of remission (without symptoms). The earlier the diagnosis, the better is the prognosis. It is therefore essential to know how to detect the early symptoms of the disease.

Here are some common signs of RA that can help in early detection:

How to diagnose rheumatoid arthritis early

1. Joint Pain

Sensitivity or joint pain during movement or at rest is one of the early symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. It is often followed by joint stiffness. Rheumatoid arthritis, in its early stages affects the fingers and wrists. You may also have pain in your shoulders, feet, or knees. Joint pain is one of the reasons why rheumatoid arthritis can lead to insomnia. Wearing compression gloves during the day is advised for pain relief and to improve the quality of sleep at night.

Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease characterized by inflammation of the joints. The most commonly affected joints are those of the hands, wrists, knees and feet, but also sometimes those of the elbows, shoulders, neck, jaw, hips, or ankles. Swollen joints are very common in those with rheumatoid arthritis. In some cases, the swelling of the joints is minor and is therefore difficult to notice. Other times, the swelling of the joints is obvious. Generally, people with rheumatoid arthritis can easily know if their joints are swollen or not. This disease can cause a loss of range of motion of the joint.

Must Read: 7 Joint Strengthening Exercise To Avoid Pains And Injuries

2. Fatigue

You may be suffering from unusual fatigue long before other signs become obvious. Fatigue can begin long before the onset of rheumatoid arthritis. It can be felt and disappear from one month to the next. For nine out of ten patients, rheumatoid arthritis is a source of fatigue. This RA symptom, which is very much present and insufficiently taken into account by the medical profession, also forces more than 50% of patients to reduce or give up certain activities. Inflammation in joints is consecutive to sleep disorders. Fatigue, in turn, also has an impact on sex life of most patients. The difficulties encountered are – decrease or lack of desire, vaginal dryness in women, erection difficulties in men and joint pain.

3. Joint Warmth and Redness

Heat in the joints means active inflammation. Doctors usually pay attention to this inflammatory arthritis symptom because it shows the activity of the disease. The heat of the joints is usually followed by redness and swelling of the joints. Colour changes occur when the joints are inflamed. The redness of the skin on an affected joint develops because the capillaries of the skin are enlarged. Not everyone with rheumatoid arthritis develops joint redness, but if you notice this symptom consult your doctor immediately to find the cause. The swollen, hot and red joints are painful, especially at rest and at night, causing nocturnal awakenings.

4. Stiffness

Joint stiffness is one of the first rheumatoid arthritis symptoms. It usually occurs on one or more of the smaller joints and can happen at any time of the day. Joint stiffness usually starts in the joints of the hands. Morning stiffness is a typical early sign of arthritis in hands and fingers. If this sensation lasts only a few minutes, it is usually a symptom of degenerative arthritis. If the stiffness lasts several hours, it may be a sign of rheumatoid arthritis or inflammatory arthritis.

Also See: How Yoga Can Help Body Aches and Pains

5. Other Symptoms

These extra-articular lesions include fever, sometimes weight loss but also occasionally skin damage. A small fever, if accompanied by other symptoms such as joint swelling and pain, may be a harbinger of rheumatoid arthritis. But if the fever is above 37.7 ° C, it is probably a symptom of another disease. In some cases, inflammation spreads to other organs, resulting in other types of signs:

  • Dryness of the eyes or mouth
  • Numbness and tingling sensation
  • Weight loss
  • Eye discharge
  • Chest pain
  • Anaemia
  • Difficulty while sleeping
  • Limping
  • Rashes

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease that has its relapses and periods of remission but recognizing its warning signs can prevent joint damage and promote your well-being.

Author Bio: Kunal is a young and passionate entrepreneur, fascinated by the workings of the human body and natural solutions for common health problems. He’s single-minded in his aim to make Copper Defence a brand that’s recognised across the globe, by partnering with global brands to make these high-tech materials easily accessible for everyone. If you’d like to get in touch, email Kunal at kunal@copperdefence.com or visit www.copperclothing.com for copper-infused clothing, pet accessories and more.

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Could The Lack Of Vitamin A Be A Cause Of Diabetes?

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Vitamin A Diabetes


Global Health Crisis”, this is what the health specialists have asserted in regards to that of diabetes which is considered to be the most incurable condition affecting more than 300 million people as of now. The specialists out there also suggest that there would probably be more than 400 million diabetes attack by 2030 on the basis of their estimate analysis.

With type diabetes each and every day, numerous individuals are examined and diagnosed. To affect individuals in the world today, diabetes has unfortunately become one of the most prevalent diseases. When an individual is diagnosed with type 2 diabetes; they might get a feeling of being bewildered and overpowered because of the diagnosis. To understand and comprehend that with some rudimentary alternations in their lifestyle it is crucial then for individuals who are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and it is totally achievable with careful monitoring coping and living with the disease.

Learning About Type 2 Diabetes

The initial consideration an individual that has type 2 diabetes needs to do is to start to become educated and familiar with their disease and effects on their body, different complications and ways to get it under control to as much an extent as possible. The doctor should assist the patient by starting with some rudimentary instruction and be ready to recommend additional resources of information for the individual. The diabetic should talk to a dietitian that is registered and with a diabetes educator that is certified to further educate themselves about the disease.

Must Read: Five Signs You’re Insulin Resistant

Changes in Diet

The person who has been newly diagnosed with diabetes will have to get counseling through a registered dietitian. The dietitian can guide the type 2 diabetic to educate themselves in regards to the foods that they eat and what necessary modifications can be made for the best result to their body functions. There are also many different types of cookbooks as well as websites that offer recipes for diabetics that will enable a person to consume healthy tasty meals. The diabetic will need to address their dietary changes seriously.

Watching Blood Sugars

The type 2 diabetic will have to get a glucometer so they will be capable of monitoring their blood sugar on a day to day basis within their home. There are numerous different types of glucometers that you can get on the open market today that are highly accurate provided that the person uses them in a correct way. The majority of insurance companies will furnish a monitor with the initial diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. By monitoring closely their own blood sugar levels an individual can in a relatively easy manner see what kinds of foods as well as their activities are giving the biggest effect and make any needed changes accordingly.

Type 2 Diabetic and Exercises

Vitamin A and Diabetes, Vitamin A and Diabetes type 2

Establishing some kind of exercise program wearing diabetic crew socks, is a very helpful thing for any individual, particularly a type 2 diabetic to do. One of the direct results of exercise is the decrease of the levels of blood sugars. You do not have to have a highly complex type of exercise routine to accomplish what you need to. The person with diabetes can just start out with walking, biking or swimming regimen. Going for a walk around the neighborhood several times each week will be very beneficial to the overall health of the diabetic in addition to lowering their blood sugar levels.

Taking Medications

The type 2 diabetic should follow all of the advice of their doctor and take their medications as they are prescribed to them. To control diabetes when working in conjunction with exercise and dietary changes, there are numerous types of excellent medications that function very well. Type 2 diabetics have to take any and all medication that are necessary in their individual circumstances to stabilize the blood sugars and maintain a high quality of life.

Making use of Vitamin A for diabetes

Vitamin A is significantly known to be the most essential of all vitamins. This usually states that this vitamin is recommended for all. People might have the notion that this type of Vitamin is usually available as over-the counter medications and this is a fact. So, how do you analyze the amount of Vitamin A required by an individual each day? There are several factors that determine this and the following are the ones:

  • 700-900 mg of retinol activity equivalents is usually required for people who are aged 14 years or older.
  • For women it is generally between 1100-1300 RAE.
  • For the infants and the like or kids who are under the age of 14 should be given in values that are considerably lower.

People who are diabetic are also recommended the intake of supplements. This suggestion is also for the general people who are having Vitamin A deficiencies. People can also add up Vitamin A rich food in their diet to normalize their vitamin intake. You need to make sure that you have discussed with your health care provider about the changes that you have brought about with your diet.

There are several foods that are rich in Vitamin A. Among them you can add milk, cheese, organ meats, as well as fish, most of the fruits such as melons and apricots as well as the leafy bright colored veggies are food that are pretty rich in Vitamin A. If you are confused about the amount of Vitamin A intake then Internet is the best place where you can get a hold of a significant amount of information on the same. The detailed of the vitamin and information are also labeled on your packed foods as well as canned and frozen ones. So, determining the presence of Vitamin A and the amount of its intake referred will be absolutely clear to you.

Whatever you do, you need to keep in mind that diabetes is a disease that is not curable. So, you need to take care of your diet and body in order to balance the rest!


Meet the Author: Dyna Criss holds a degree in health and fitness, has worked as a health instructor for over a decade at some very prominent health related organization and basically a writer by heart.

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What is Podiatry, and What Does a Podiatrist Treat?

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What is Podiatry, and What Does a Podiatrist Treat

With foot, ankle and lower leg problems becoming more frequently diagnosed, there is a good chance that you doctor will refer you to a podiatrist. Podiatry is a branch of medicine that concentrates solely on the lower limbs such as the feet and ankles and the structures within the body that affect their movement. Podiatry encompasses corrective treatment for both acute and chronic conditions as well as conservative care for long-standing complaints. A podiatrist performs the treatment.

Podiatry and chiropody

We offer podiatry to patients at our Melbourne branch, and we are frequently asked what the difference between chiropody and podiatry is. Podiatry is actually a relatively new branch of medicine and is now an internationally recognised term for a foot specialist. Many of the roles of a chiropodist overlap with a podiatrist although these days a chiropodist would concentrate on skin conditions of the foot, such as verrucas. A podiatrist is more concerned about the function of the foot and lower limbs.

Are podiatrists qualified?

Like every member of the medical profession, a podiatrist will undergo rigorous training, initially at university and then in practice. They will need to be registered with a professional body that will ensure that they adhere to standard practices and follow a professional code of conduct. All podiatrists are expected to continue with their professional development, learning modern techniques and methods as they become recognised and accepted.

All our podiatrists at the Neighbourhood Clinic in Fitzroy, Melbourne are qualified, registered and adequately insured. We believe that this gives all our patients that extra peace of mind, knowing that our teams are adequately covered and safe to practice.

Can podiatry help with identifying and treatment of other conditions?

It is essential to understand that although a podiatrist concentrates purely on the feet, they will be able to glean a great deal of information about a patient’s overall health. As a result, they can assist with the diagnosis and treatment of a variety of other conditions. It is relatively common for a conservative complaint to be closely linked and identifiable with another problem. Often both complaints would benefit from corrective treatment, but equally, it may highlight a previously undiagnosed condition.

Podiatry plays a vital role in the diagnosis and management of chronic health problems, including:

  • Diabetes– suffers from diabetes should get their feet checked at least annually to prevent ulcers and other complications such as, in severe cases, gangrene
  • Peripheral Neurological Deficit (PND)– high blood sugar and diabetes are closely associated with PND. A podiatrist will help with pain management and maintaining foot health
  • Peripheral Vascular Disease (PAD)– PAD is again closely associated with diabetes, and a podiatrist will play a role in maintaining the function of lower limbs as well as, where applicable, pain management
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)– RA is a common form of arthritis that can cause ulcerations of the feet if left untreated. A podiatrist will help to relieve any pressure points with bespoke insoles

When is conservative care most appropriate?

Conservative care includes many of the roles that have previously been associated with chiropodist but are now performed by a podiatrist as part of the previously mentioned overlap. Conservative care incorporates:

  • The treatment of problematic toenails such as fungal infections, in-grown toenails and toenails that have been damaged due to an accident
  • The treatment and removal of corns and calluses
  • Initial treatment and then removal of verrucas
  • Treatment of dermatological complaints including persistent athlete’s foot
  • The treatment and shearing of severe blisters or damaged/stressed tissue

When is corrective management used?

The corrective management of lower limb complaints is usually most closely associated with pain management and maintaining the proper function of the affected limb. It often includes the treatment of:

  • Flat feet or high arches
  • Joint and muscular pain in the feet, ankles and calf muscles
  • Bunions, which in severe cases will require surgery
  • Heel and shin pain
  • Sporting injuries

What to expect during your appointment

At the Neighbourhood Clinic, our podiatrists offer both 30-minute appointments, designed for an initial consultation and return meetings along with 60-minute extended appointments for more severe cases.

The initial appointment will be to perform a full subjective assessment of your condition. The podiatrist will ask questions about your general health and lifestyle as well as wanting to know about your previous medical history. Of course, they will want to know how long you have been experiencing the current problem and if anything specific triggered it.

In some cases, the podiatrist may do a biomechanical assessment which will involve observing how you stand and walk. They would also be keen to establish if you have a full range of movement and a hands-on examination, with your consent, may be required. The findings will be discussed with you and your general practitioner and a course of treatment will be proposed.

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What Different Types Of Cardiologists Are There

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What Different Types Of Cardiologists Are There

Cardiology is a medical field where doctors deal with heart disorders such as congenital heart diseases, heart failures, coronary heart ailments, valvular heart diseases, and electrophysiology. These doctors thus are called cardiologists.

There are different categories of cardiologists that patients get referred to. Given below are five such classifications.

1. General Cardiologist

A general cardiologist deals with different types of heart related problems. Normally, if anyone suffers from any kind of heart problem, the general cardiologist is the first physician that they see. Based on the diagnosis, the general cardiologist can then refer the patient to a specialized cardiologist who deals with the specific condition that the patient maybe suffering from.

2. Electrophysiologist

Patients suffering from heart arrhythmias usually go and get consulted by an electrophysiologist. He is a specialized cardiologist who is trained in diagnosing and treating cases of arrhythmia. By conducting tests such as electrophysiology study, he can determine whether the patient is at a risk of unexpected heart attack. With the help of an electrophysiology study, the cardiologist can figure out if the patient can develop ventricular tachycardia (rapid heartbeat). Then there is another test called electrocardiogram which can be either conducted in the hospital or at home where the patient is given a halter monitor.

According to the Heart Rhythm Foundation, the specialised branch of electrophysiology is fast becoming a popular field in cardiology.

3. Interventional Cardiologist

Patients who need to undergo non-invasive heart procedures often go to interventional cardiologists. A wing of Harvard Medical School, the Brigham and Women’s Medical Hospital believes that interventional cardiologists deal with heart problems like heart valve ailment, coronary artery disease, and peripheral vascular syndrome. These cardiologists are adept at carrying out procedures like angioplasty, stenting, atherectomy, embolic protection, carotid artery stenting and mitral valve repair.

4. Vascular Surgeons and Cardiac Surgeons

While a vascular surgeon performs heart procedures on blood vessels that are outside of a patient’s heart, a cardiac surgeon on the other hand performs extremely invasive and engaging cardiac surgical procedures. Atherosclerosis, where the arterial walls thicken due to plaque accumulation, and thrombophlebitis, where veins swell due to blood clots, are two conditions which require the expertise of a vascular surgeon. Both the vascular and cardiac surgeons work in close proximity with general cardiologists to diagnose and treat heart problems.

5. Pediatric Cardiologist

Infants and children suffering from heart ailments are treated by pediatric cardiologists. Pediatric cardiology is a specialized medical area where the doctor conducts extensive tests and determines what procedures or treatments must be carried out for the little patients. Some pediatric cardiologists even maintain this patient-doctor relationship till the patient completes 18 years of age.

To have a healthy heart and ensure that it is being treated with expert hands, you deserve the best cardiologist there is. It is not hard to find the top cardiologists in any part of India or any other country. With some of the best public and private hospitals running in the state capital, patients flock in large numbers to get treated.

If you a resident of Faridabad, Noida or any other NCR region, finding the top cardiologist here has been made very easy. Search online in Google and find some of the most reputed hospitals and doctors.

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