Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease characterized by inflammation of the joints, associated with an autoimmune reaction (cells of the immune system attack the articular cells abnormally). In the long run, this inflammation deforms the joints, which can lead to handicaps. The most commonly affected joints are those of the hands, wrists, knees and feet, but also sometimes those of the elbows, shoulders, neck, jaw, hips, or ankles.
Rheumatoid arthritis evolves in spurts, which means that there are periods when joint symptoms occur, interspersed with periods of remission (without symptoms). The earlier the diagnosis, the better is the prognosis. It is therefore essential to know how to detect the early symptoms of the disease.
Here are some common signs of RA that can help in early detection:
1. Joint Pain
Sensitivity or joint pain during movement or at rest is one of the early symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. It is often followed by joint stiffness. Rheumatoid arthritis, in its early stages affects the fingers and wrists. You may also have pain in your shoulders, feet, or knees. Joint pain is one of the reasons why rheumatoid arthritis can lead to insomnia. Wearing compression gloves during the day is advised for pain relief and to improve the quality of sleep at night.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease characterized by inflammation of the joints. The most commonly affected joints are those of the hands, wrists, knees and feet, but also sometimes those of the elbows, shoulders, neck, jaw, hips, or ankles. Swollen joints are very common in those with rheumatoid arthritis. In some cases, the swelling of the joints is minor and is therefore difficult to notice. Other times, the swelling of the joints is obvious. Generally, people with rheumatoid arthritis can easily know if their joints are swollen or not. This disease can cause a loss of range of motion of the joint.
You may be suffering from unusual fatigue long before other signs become obvious. Fatigue can begin long before the onset of rheumatoid arthritis. It can be felt and disappear from one month to the next. For nine out of ten patients, rheumatoid arthritis is a source of fatigue. This RA symptom, which is very much present and insufficiently taken into account by the medical profession, also forces more than 50% of patients to reduce or give up certain activities. Inflammation in joints is consecutive to sleep disorders. Fatigue, in turn, also has an impact on sex life of most patients. The difficulties encountered are – decrease or lack of desire, vaginal dryness in women, erection difficulties in men and joint pain.
3. Joint Warmth and Redness
Heat in the joints means active inflammation. Doctors usually pay attention to this inflammatory arthritis symptom because it shows the activity of the disease. The heat of the joints is usually followed by redness and swelling of the joints. Colour changes occur when the joints are inflamed. The redness of the skin on an affected joint develops because the capillaries of the skin are enlarged. Not everyone with rheumatoid arthritis develops joint redness, but if you notice this symptom consult your doctor immediately to find the cause. The swollen, hot and red joints are painful, especially at rest and at night, causing nocturnal awakenings.
Joint stiffness is one of the first rheumatoid arthritis symptoms. It usually occurs on one or more of the smaller joints and can happen at any time of the day. Joint stiffness usually starts in the joints of the hands. Morning stiffness is a typical early sign of arthritis in hands and fingers. If this sensation lasts only a few minutes, it is usually a symptom of degenerative arthritis. If the stiffness lasts several hours, it may be a sign of rheumatoid arthritis or inflammatory arthritis.
Also See: How Yoga Can Help Body Aches and Pains
5. Other Symptoms
These extra-articular lesions include fever, sometimes weight loss but also occasionally skin damage. A small fever, if accompanied by other symptoms such as joint swelling and pain, may be a harbinger of rheumatoid arthritis. But if the fever is above 37.7 ° C, it is probably a symptom of another disease. In some cases, inflammation spreads to other organs, resulting in other types of signs:
- Dryness of the eyes or mouth
- Numbness and tingling sensation
- Weight loss
- Eye discharge
- Chest pain
- Difficulty while sleeping
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease that has its relapses and periods of remission but recognizing its warning signs can prevent joint damage and promote your well-being.
Author Bio: Kunal is a young and passionate entrepreneur, fascinated by the workings of the human body and natural solutions for common health problems. He’s single-minded in his aim to make Copper Defence a brand that’s recognised across the globe, by partnering with global brands to make these high-tech materials easily accessible for everyone. If you’d like to get in touch, email Kunal at email@example.com or visit www.copperclothing.com for copper-infused clothing, pet accessories and more.
Tips for Making Your First Mammogram a Bit Easier
As you near 40, your doctor will probably recommend your first mammogram. If you have a family history of breast cancer, the request may be even sooner. The diagnostic test for breast cancer is not one to fear; in fact, its job is to bring comfort. It allows for regular awareness of the body and any changes that occur, and, while it can’t cure or prevent breast cancer, it is a step in catching it early. Don’t stress over the test. Here are some tips to help make the day a bit easier.
Start on a Positive Note
Having a screening doesn’t mean you have cancer. Take some time to remind yourself that this set of medical digital imaging is simply a photo shoot. As you drive to the facility, listen to your favorite music. Once you get there, bring a book or listen to a podcast through your headphones. Arrange to text with your best friends. Keep your mind off of the day and the process. Focus on happy thoughts or things you love.
A Second Screening Doesn’t Mean a Problem
You might find that you’re asked to return for additional screening. It’s okay. Don’t panic. Breasts are different for each person. Sometimes a second look is needed simply to identify your norm and not an indication of a problem. If possible, use the same location for your screening. If you can’t, bring a copy of your former pictures with you. This is important because the technicians and doctors can compare the images from screening to screening. This goes back to the idea that tissue is different for each person.
Do Something for Yourself
When it’s all done, treat yourself to something that makes you feel good. Grab a cup of coffee, meet up with a friend, or stroll through your favorite stores.
Mammograms, while not the most comfortable of events, help screen for abnormalities that can become problems. Early detection is helpful in saving lives.
6 Ways To Combat Sensitive Teeth
Having sensitive teeth can make the experience of eating certain foods a painful one. If left untreated, it may interfere with your daily life activities and cause severe pain. In this blog, we explore the best ways of tackling tooth sensitivity, although we still recommend that if you are suffering from any kind of tooth pain, you consult our dental clinic in London Victoria.
How Do Know If You Have Sensitive Teeth?
If you experience a painful stinging or throbbing sensation around you teeth each time you consume sugary sweets, hot or cold drinks and foods, and, in extreme cases, even a cold wind against your teeth, you are likely to be suffering from sensitive teeth.
The root cause of tooth sensitivity is the wearing away of cementum over the root or the erosion of enamel (the protective outer layers over the tooth). As a consequence, the tooth’s dentin becomes exposed which puts the sensitive nerve endings running through its tiny tubes at risk of getting damaged.
How Can You Combat Sensitive Teeth?
If you identify with any of the symptoms above, you may be suffering from tooth sensitivity. In order to alleviate the problem, you need to take certain measures;
1. Change Your Toothpaste
As the problem of sensitive teeth has become more widespread, several brands of toothpaste have been launched specifically to address the problem and help those who are suffering.
It is the presence of potassium nitrate which makes these kinds of toothpastes different from regular ones. This active ingredient works to block the tiny tubules present in the dentin. Changing your toothpaste may not treat sensitivity all by itself, but most dentists agree that it is a good place to start.
Some dentists believe that the reason why some people benefit from toothpastes designed specifically for sensitive teeth and others don’t, is because they use it for a short time and then stop because they do not see results right away. However, its use must be continued to get the real benefits, alongside any other treatment recommended by a dentist.
2. Change Your Brushing Style
There are some brushing habits which can make you more prone to sensitive teeth:
- Not brushing teeth for at least two minutes
- Brushing teeth too vigorously
- Not using a soft toothbrush
Brushing your teeth too vigorously can lead to the wearing away of enamel which results in increased sensitivity of the teeth. If your gums have receded, your tooth root is exposed or you have lost bone, this means in all likelihood that you are scrubbing too hard and eroding the cementum which will inevitably worsen tooth sensitivity.
Cementum is more prone to becoming worn away than enamel and it is a big loss when it disappears as it protects a tooth’s root. Changing your brushing habits can be difficult if you are trying to change a routine that you have followed for a long time, but this one simple change can do wonders for your oral health.
It is recommended by dentists that we brush or floss our teeth at least twice a day to keep the problem of sensitivity at bay. This ensures that oral hygiene is maintained and also prevents loss of gums which is known to be a trigger for tooth sensitivity.
3. Avoid Sugary Drinks and Acidic Food
The enamel which protects your teeth faces an attack each time you consume acidic foods such as pickles and oranges, fruit juices, fizzy drinks and red wine. The consumption of these foodstuffs should be limited to maintain optimum oral health.
You should also instil the habit of brushing your teeth after eating these kind of foods, but it is important not to do so within 20 minutes of eating. Brushing your teeth any earlier than 20 minutes after eating can further damage the enamel. Loss of enamel is irreversible and for this reason it is advised that you must pay attention to what you eat even if you aren’t yet facing the issue of sensitive teeth.
4. Paint Job By A Dentist
If the use of desensitising toothpaste is not having the desired impact, you can speak with your dentist about painted-on barriers. Plastic resins or fluoride varnish are desensitizing agents which can be applied to sensitive areas of your teeth.
They do not need to be reapplied for at least a few months or a couple of years, depending on the type of material which has been used.
Another common cause of tooth sensitivity is whitening treatment. However, this type of sensitivity doesn’t last long and usually subsides within a few days of the treatment being over.
5. Stop Grinding Teeth
Some people have a tendency to grind their teeth when they are tense or whilst they are asleep and this habit can cause damage to the teeth. Besides giving you a toothache, teeth grinding can wear away at the enamel on your teeth, resulting in a sensitivity problem.
If you are grinding your teeth and you are not even aware of it, a pain in the jaw or headache can give you a clue as to your habit. You may also need to change your sleeping position or have a mouth guard fitted to put an end to this habit.
6. Undergoing Treatment For Receding Gums
Normally, your gum tissue covers the root of your teeth, but if your gums have receded excessively, due to hard brushing or gum disease, the cementum may get worn away as the root becomes exposed. Your dentist may be able to restore or rebuild your receding gums which may include a treatment that involves tissue grafts.
Before proceeding with treatment, it is important to pinpoint the exact reason behind the increased sensitivity in your teeth. This way you will be able to come up with the right solution.
For example, if the cause of your heightened tooth sensitivity is receding gums due to aggressive brushing of teeth, you may have to change the way you brush your teeth before going ahead with a line of treatment.
Any treatment that you receive for tooth sensitivity will be ineffective until you address the underlying reason behind it. Even aggressive measures such as restorative treatment will be of little use if you haven’t stopped scrubbing your teeth in a harsh manner or drinking fizzy, sugary drinks, so it’s important to get to the root cause before proceeding with treatment.
What Are the Common Causes of Facial Sweating and How To Get Rid of It
Hyperhidrosis, commonly known as excessive sweating affects many people worldwide. There are many types of hyperhidrosis, amongst which sweaty palms and facial sweating are the most common. Most often than not, facial sweating is accompanied by blushing as both acts are triggered by a malfunction in the body’s sympathetic nervous system.
Facial sweating many not necessarily have medical implications all the time but certainly cause a lot of discomfort and embarrassment. People suffering from this condition also have low self esteem and are not very confident. They also have a higher anxiety level.
Causes of Facial Sweating
Facial sweating can leave a person feeling uncomfortable and embarrassed. Many people suffer from this condition but the causes for it may vary. Listed below are few most common causes for facial sweating.
This means that elders in your family, most probably a mother or father could also be suffering from this condition and has now passed it on to their offspring. Humans have between two and four million sweat glands in their body. This amount and the location of these sweat glands are related to heredity.
2. Hormone Imbalance
An irregularity in the activities of the brain and nerves can also cause facial sweating. The body’s sympathetic nervous system is responsible for guarding the body and sends instructions to the brain to open and close sweat glands based on environment conditions.
Thus, when the body experiences unusual conditions, the nervous system send mixed signals to the brain which leads to excessive sweating in the face. Emotions such as stress, nervousness, depression and anxiety can cause similar instances as it causes alterations of nerve activity in the hypothalamus.
Weight issues can also lead to facial sweating. Overweight people tend to sweat more than slimmer ones because the body excretes excess minerals stored in the form on sweat. If the sweat glands are overactive in the face, it leads to facial sweating.
Treatments for Facial Sweating
1. Aloe Vera
Facial sweating can be treated with the help of aloe vera juice. Though it is milder than pure aloe vera, it is very effective in cooling the skin and brings down body temperature which causes reduction in sweating. Aloe vera juice is especially effective in regions with hotter weather and higher temperatures.
2. Witch Hazel
Witch Hazel is an effective astringent that dries out the skin and keeps it from getting sweaty. However, people with sensitive skin type should be careful while using this product as it could have adverse effects of such skin type. Antiperspirant wipes are also a good way to keep facial sweating in check. These products work gently on the skin without causing skin irritation and are designed especially to be used on the face. However, all these solutions are temporary treatments for facial sweating.
There are certain other treatments which can help you to get rid of excessive facial sweating such as High strength antiperspirants, Botox injections, Iontophoresis machine, Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy surgery. Facial skin is very delicate and sensitive and hence one needs to be extra careful about what treatment one chooses to deal with facial sweating. Medical treatments like surgery and Botox can cause serious damage to the face if not carried out in the right manner. It is best to opt for iontophoresis machine which are safer and can be used as frequently as desired.